Principles for Creating Conducive Learning Environment
- Classes should not be overcrowded: It really becomes difficult for the teacher to manage a big class and pay attention to each learner, which is the main reason that student-teacher ratio is prescribed by various regulatory bodies.
- Ensure proper seating Arrangement in the Class: Minimum Essential distance should be maintained between the teacher and the students, and among students. Each student should be able to interact with the teacher and other student. Furniture should be comfortable and in proper condition. In addition there should be proper lighting and ventilation Arrangement in the class.
- Build rapport with the Student: A teacher should know each and every student in the class by name and be friendly with the student. S/he should try to give due respect to the individuality of student. She/he should have a positive attitude toward the students.
- Encourage co-operation and healthy competition among Students: This can be achieve by assigning group activities and pairing bright student with average or poor student.
- Feedback Mechanism: It should work both ways.
- Encourage Experimentation: A teacher should encourage experimentation with new ideas and techniques by the students. Creativity should be encouraged rather than curbed, problems having more than one solution need to be posed in the class.
- Provide Reinforcement: A teacher should reinforce the desired communication behavior or learners through praise, appreciation, rewards, social recognition, etc.
- Provide non-threatening Environment: There should not be fear of punishment. Prior information regarding schedule of activities, tests, assignment, etc., should be provided to learners in order to avoid any unnecessary anxiety on the part of the learners.
Meaning of Learning Environment Refers to the diverse physical locations, contexts, and Cultures in which students learn. Since students may learn in a wide variety of settings, such as outside-of-school locations and outdoor environments, the term is often used as a more accurate or preferred alternative to classroom, which has more limited and traditional connotations—a Room with rows of desks and a chalkboard, Desk for example.