Determinants of Organizational Behavior
Like all other subjects and disciplines, Organizational behavior is also based on certain key elements. There are four key elements or determinants in organizational behavior. These are as under:The subject matter of organization behavior begins with individual.
- Individuals: Organizations are group of people. People are dynamic in nature as they interact with each other and also influence each other. There are differences in individual traits, values, perception, and attitude. This is because of these individual differences.An individual joins organization along with his/her social background, likes dislikes, pride and prejudices. Thus, an individual may affect the organizational behavior.
- Structure: organization structure leads to division of work so that people can perform their duties. In an organization, there are two types of social systems one is formal and other is informal. The formal relationship of people is called structure. One must understand that people need organization and organization needs people. In fact, organizational behavior is based on mutuality of interest.
- Technology and Environment: level of quality of technology affects the behavior of employees. It is an era of automation, computerization and modernization. Quality of output depends upon technology available in the organization. The main advantage of technology is that it allows people to work more and in better way.
- Group: An individual behaves differently as an individual and as a member of the group as revealed by Hawthorne studies. The behavior of an individual is modified by the group norms.
Hence, the study of group dynamic has assumed Greater Importance in organizational behavior. It helps in knowing how groups are formed, why people join groups and how groups lay pressure on individuals. The behavior of an individual is modified by the group norms.Groups can make individuals and the organizations, people make smart groups which leads to smart organization.