Organizational Behavior is an applied field of inquiry that encompasses the study of all aspects of behavior in and by formal organizations. It treats as units of analysis everything from individuals acting, feeling and thinking in an organization to groups, larger sub units such as departments or divisions, the organizations as a whole and even populations of organizations and their relationship to larger social structure such as state and society.
Organizational Behavior offers a crucial approach in the sense that rather than focusing on the functional or structural aspects of the organization or giving importance to the quantifiable elements. Organizational behavior focuses on the human processes within the organizations.
Features of Organizational Behavior
- An integral part of Management: Organizational behavior is that part of total management which represents the behavior approach to management. It is important to note that, due to importance of human behavior in organizations, organizational behavior has assumed the status of a distinct field of study. It is field of study backed by a body of theory and research. Its study helps in understanding the human behavior in work organizations.
- A branch of Social sciences: The field of organizational behavior is heavily influenced by several other social sciences. The important among these are psychology, sociology and anthropology. Organizational behavior draws a rich array of research from these disciplines.
- Science and Art: Organization behavior is a science as well as an art. The acquisition of systematic knowledge about human behavior is a science and the application of behavior knowledge and skills is an art. It should be noted that exact prediction of behavior of people in organizations is not possible. However, it is possible to predict relationship between variables on a large scale.
- Object Oriented: Organizational behavior is a goal-directed displace. The major goals of organizational behavior are to understand, predict and explain human behavior in organizational context so that it may be molded to result in yielding situations. Organizational behavior provides rational thinking about people and their behavior.
- Analysis: Organizational behavior involves three levels of analysis of behavior namely-individual behavior, group behavior and behavior of the organization itself. The study of organization behavior embraces all these levels as complementary to each other. Such analysis helps in demolishing incorrect assumptions about the behavior
- Human technique : Organizational behavior is a human tool for the benefit of organization. It has been observed by Davis, Keith and newsroom that, it helps in understanding and predicting the behavior of individuals. Provides rational thinking about people. It helps the managers in anticipating the effects certain actions of human behavior.
- Satisfaction of Needs: Organization behavior is helpful in satisfying the needs of employees in the organizations. Every employee wants to get his needs fulfilled in the organization. Hence, it is the responsibility of organization to provide such an environment so that people may get need satisfaction. This is beneficial to both organization and individuals.