Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Biography : Father of the Indian Freedom

  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Biography (January 1897-August 1945)Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose (January 1897-August 1945)

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Biography (January 1897-August 1945):- Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is one of the most dynamic leaders of India’s struggle of independence. He is popularly known as Netaji. He was born in Cuttack, in Orissa on 23 January, 1897 to Janaki Nath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Biography (January 1897-August 1945)His father was a famous lawyer and his mother was a religious lady. Among the fourteen siblings, he was the ninth child.Subhash Chandra Bose is one of the most dynamic leaders of India’s struggle of independence. He is popularly known as Netaji. He was born in Cuttack, in Orissa on 23 January, 1897 to Janaki Nath Bose and Prabhavati Devi. His father was a famous lawyer and his mother was a religious lady. Among the fourteen siblings, he was the ninth child.Right from his childhood he was a bright student and was a topper in the matriculation examination from the whole of Calcutta province. He graduated from the Scottish Church College in Kolkata, West Bengal with a First Class degree in Philosophy. Influenced by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda, he was known for his patriotic zeal as a student. He went to England to accomplish his parents’ desire to appear in the Indian Civil Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Biography (January 1897-August 1945)Services. In 1920 he appeared for the competitive examination and stood fourth in the order of merit. Deeply moved by the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre in Punjab, Subhash Chandra Bose left his Civil Services apprenticeship midway and returned to India. After he returned to India, Subhash Chandra Bose was influenced by Mahatma Gandhi views. He then joined the Indian National Congress and worked under the leadership of Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, who later became his political guru. He opposed the Dominion Status for India declared by the Congress under the guidance of the Motilal Nehru Committee. They were in favor of complete independence and nothing else. In 1930, during the Civil Disobedience he was sent to jail and released only after the Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed in 1931.
Political Career:- Association with Indian National Congress:- Initially, Subhash Chandra Bose worked under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das, an active member of the Congress in Calcutta. It was Chittaranjan Das, who along with Motilal Nehru, left Congress and founded the Swaraj Party in 1922. Bose regarded Chittaranjan Das as his political guru. He himself started the newspaper ‘Swaraj’, edited Das’ newspaper ‘Forward’ and worked as the CEO of Calcutta Municipal Corporation under Das’ stint as Mayor. Subhash Chandra Bose played an important role in enlightening the students, youths and labourers of Calcutta. In his fervent wait to see India as an independent, federal and republic nation, he emerged as a charismatic and firebrand youth icon. He was admired within the congress for his great ability in organization development. He served several stints in prison for his nationalist activities during this time.

Dispute with the Congress:- In 1928, during the Guwahati Session of the Congress, a difference of opinionNetaji Subhash Chandra Bose Biography (January 1897-August 1945) surfaced between the old and new members of the Congress. The young leaders wanted a “complete self-rule and without any compromise’ while the senior leaders were in favour of the “dominion status for India within the British rule”.The differences between moderate Gandhi and aggressive Subhash Chandra Bose swelled to irreconcilable proportions and Bose decided to resign from the party in 1939. He went on to form the Forward Bloc the same year. Although he voiced his dislike for the British often in his correspondences,

he also expressed his admiration for their structured way of life. He met with the leaders of the British Labor Party and political thinkers including Clement Attlee, Harold Laski, J.B.S. Haldane, Arthur Greenwood, G.D.H. Cole, and Sir Stafford Cripps and discussed the possibilities that an independent India might hold
Read More:- Subhash Chandra Bose is one of the most dynamic leaders of India’s struggle of Rabindranath Tagore Biography:–Early Life, Career and Message
Facts and Information about Subhash Chandra Bose
Born:- 23 January 1897
Religion:- Hinduism
Place of Birth:- Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, British India
Nationality:- Indian
Father:- Jankinath Bose
Mother:- Prabhavati Devi
Died:- August 18, 1945 (aged 48), Taipei (Taihoku), Japanese Taiwan
Spouse Name or companion:- Emilie Schenkl (secretly married without ceremony or witnesses in 1937, unacknowledged publicly by Bose
Chidren:- Anita Bose Pfaff
Education:- Alma mater University of Calcutta and University of Cambridge. He continued his studies at this school which was run by the Baptist Mission up to 1909 and then shifted to the Ravenshaw Collegiate School. The day Subhas was admitted to this school, Beni Madhab Das, the headmaster, understood how brilliant and scintillating his genius was. After securing the second position in the matriculation examination in 1913, he got admitted to the Presidency College where he studied briefly. Profession before joining politics He then joined the Indian National Congress and worked under the leadership of Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das, who later became his political guru. He opposed the Dominion Status for India declared by the Congress under the guidance of the Motilal Nehru Committee. They were in favor of complete independence and nothing else. In 1930, during the Civil Disobedience he was sent to jail and released only after the Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed in 1931.
Known for contribution as:- Figure of Indian independence movement
Political Career:- Indian National Congress 1921 -1940

“Give me blood and I will give you freedom!“Subhas Chandra Bose”

Leave a Reply