Principles of Teaching | General Principles Teaching Method

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Principles of Teaching

They are closely related to maxims. In Simple Words Teaching method are based on two types of principles: General principles and psychological principles.

General Principles

  1. Principle of Motivation: It creates curiosity among students to learn new things.
  2. Principle of Activity (learning by doing): Froebel’s Kindergarten (KG) system is based on this principle. It includes both physical and mental activities. For example, students are asked to make charts and models.
  3. Principle of Interest: By generating genuine interest among the learner’s community, the effectiveness of the teaching-learning process can be increased.
  4. Principle of linking with life: Life is a continuous experience, and learning linked with life can be more enduring.
  5. Principle of definite aim: This is important for optimum utilization of teaching resources and making learning more focused.
  6. Principle of recognizing individual differences: Every student is unique in term of intelligence, attitude, abilities and potentialities, socio-economic background. The teaching method should be devised in such a manner to make all the students to avail equal opportunities in life.
  7. Principle of Selection: The horizon of knowledge is expanding each day. The teacher should be able to pick contents that can be more relevant and update to the learner’s objectives.
  8. Principle of Planning: Every teacher has certain time-bound objectives, and hence, teaching should be systematic to make optimum use of resources within the time limit.
  9. Principle of Division: To make learning easier, the subject matter should be divided into units, and there should be links between the units.
  10. Principle of Revision: To make learning enduring, the acquired knowledge should be revised immediately and repeatedly.
  11. Principle of Certain and Recreation: This Principle is a must to make classroom environment humorous and creative.
  12. Principle of Democratic dealing: It entails students in planning and executing different activities; It helps in developing self-confidence and self-respect among the learner’s.