Principles of Teaching
They are closely related to maxims. In Simple Words Teaching method are based on two types of principles: General principles and psychological principles.
- Principle of Motivation: It creates curiosity among students to learn new things.
- Principle of Activity (learning by doing): Froebel’s Kindergarten (KG) system is based on this principle. It includes both physical and mental activities. For example, students are asked to make charts and models.
- Principle of Interest: By generating genuine interest among the learner’s community, the effectiveness of the teaching-learning process can be increased.
- Principle of linking with life: Life is a continuous experience, and learning linked with life can be more enduring.
- Principle of definite aim: This is important for optimum utilization of teaching resources and making learning more focused.
- Principle of recognizing individual differences: Every student is unique in term of intelligence, attitude, abilities and potentialities, socio-economic background. The teaching method should be devised in such a manner to make all the students to avail equal opportunities in life.
- Principle of Selection: The horizon of knowledge is expanding each day. The teacher should be able to pick contents that can be more relevant and update to the learner’s objectives.
- Principle of Planning: Every teacher has certain time-bound objectives, and hence, teaching should be systematic to make optimum use of resources within the time limit.
- Principle of Division: To make learning easier, the subject matter should be divided into units, and there should be links between the units.
- Principle of Revision: To make learning enduring, the acquired knowledge should be revised immediately and repeatedly.
- Principle of Certain and Recreation: This Principle is a must to make classroom environment humorous and creative.
- Principle of Democratic dealing: It entails students in planning and executing different activities; It helps in developing self-confidence and self-respect among the learner’s.