Reasons to Study Organizational Behavior
Organizational behavior is concerned with the behavior of individuals and groups. It is an exciting field of study which can help the managers in effective handling of human resources for the realization of organization goals. Following are the reasons of studying organizational behavior:
- Understanding Human Behavior: Organizational behavior is a useful tool of understanding human behavior in all directions. If the managers are to understand the organization, they must first understand the people who make the organization. Human behavior can be studied at individual level, interpersonal level, group level and inter group level as discussed below:
- Individual Behavior: human behavior is a complex phenomenon and is affected by a large number of factors-psychological, social, cultural and others. Organizational behavior integrates these factors to provide simplicity in understanding human behavior.
- Interpersonal Behavior: Organization behavior provides means for understanding of the interpersonal relationships in the organization. An individual can understand himself and other better by studying behavioral sciences. Understanding of interpersonal behavior is facilitated by the study of perception, role analysis, attitude and transactional analysis etc.
- Motivation: motivation is essential both on the part of managers and employees. The job of a manager is to get things done through others. He can be successful in his job when he can motivate his subordinates to work effectively. Organizational behavior will help the manager to understand the needs and desires of employees and other forces which affect their motivation. He can use suitable Motivational measures to motivate his subordinates.
- Communication: Communication is the building block of an organization. It is only communication through which people come in contact with others. Behavioral sciences help in improving communication in the organization. The communication process and how it works in interpersonal dynamics is evaluated by behavioral business.
- Organizational Climate: Organizational climate refers to the total organizational situations affecting human behavior. The study of organizational behavior stresses the approach to create conducive organizational climate in totality rather than merely improving the psychological conditions.
- Leadership: leadership brings human behavior in tune with organizational requirements. Organizational behavior brings new insights and understanding to the practice and theory of leadership. It identifies various leadership styles available to manager and analyses which style is more appropriate in a given situation.