Factors Influencing the Selection of Teaching Aids
Teaching Aids :- As we all know that today’s age is the age of science and technology. The teaching learning programmes have also been affected by it. The process of teaching – learning depends upon the different type of equipment available in the classroom.
No single rule-of-thumb can be given for the selection and use of various audio-visual aids to ensure effectiveness in all situations. In order to get the most effective Results, the following aspects are important.
- Selection of appropriate aids.
- Suitable combination of the selected aids.
- There use in proper sequence.
Audio-visual aids are used singly or in combination, there by taking into consideration the following factors:
- Nature of Audience: Printed media are meant for literate people, whereas exhibits, pictures, and symbols are for less literate people.
- Size of Audience. A video show or whiteboard cannot be used effectively when the number of participants exceeds 30; internet can be used for large audience.
- Teaching objective or Expected nature of change: selected the audio-visual aids based on the objective of extension teaching, that is, to bring about a change in Thinking or knowledge, Attitude or filling, And Actions or skills.If you merely want to inform or to influence a large number of people slightly, use mass media such as radio or television.
- Nature of subject Matter: I case new practice is simple and familiar, a news article, a radio message, or a circular letter will be effective whereas complex or unfamiliar practices will require audio-visual aids.
- Availability of Aids: Despite the availability of the internet two decades back, it was not being used on a large scale. With availability of speed, due to better technology, and cost effectiveness, more people are now using internet based technologies as teaching aids.
- Relative Cost: Effective aids need not be necessary costly. The amount expended on audio-visual aids, in relation it the extent of effectiveness, is also an important consideration in their selection and use.