Learning can be defined as permanent change in behavior or potential behavior as a result of direct or indirect experience. There are two primary elements in this definition that must both be present in order to identify the process of learning. First, is the element that the change must be permanent.
This means that after learning, our behavior must be different, either better or worse as compared to our prior behavior to this experience of learning. The second aspect of this definition is that this change must occur due to some kind of experience or practice. This learning is not caused by biological maturation.
For example, a child does not learn to work, it is a natural biological phenomenon because, the child gains strength as he grows older.
In must be understood that the learning itself is not observable, but only the change in behavior is observable which is on account of the direct result of the process of learning.
What is learning?
Learning is a term frequently used by people in wide variety of contexts yet despite its diverse use, at the academic level, its concept has been recognized in only one way, or at the most two in which behavior can be required or changed.
Educational researchers agree that learning is much deeper than memorization and information recall. Deep and long-lasting learning involves understanding, relating ideas and making connections between prior and new knowledge, independent and critical thinking and ability to transfer knowledge to new and different contexts.