What is Motivation?
Motivation:- The term motivation has been derived from the world ‘motive’. Motives may be defined as drives or impulses within an individual. It implies something within a person which prompts him into action. Motives are expressions of a person’s need or wants and hence they are personal or internal desire. Motives or needs start and maintain activity and determine the behavior of an individual.
Motives provide direction to human behavior as they are directed towards certain conscious or sub-conscious goals. A goal is an outward stimulus for the motive to work. The process of satisfying the needs and motives of an individual in order to inspire him to work efficiently for desired ends is called motivation.
Motivation May be defined as the combination of complex forces inspiring a person at work to willingly use his capacities for the accomplishment of certain objectives. It is something that impels a person into action and continues keeps him in action with enthusiasm.
Motivation is an inspirational process which impels the members of a team to pull their weight effectively, to give their loyalty to the group, to carry out property the tasks that they have accepted and generally to play an effective part in the job the group has undertaken.
The foregoing description reveals the following Basic Characteristics of Motivation:
- Motivation is a Personal and Internal feeling. It is a psychological phenomenon that arises in the mind of an individual’s when his needs and wants are satisfied motivation has no meaning outside the needs of a person. Motivation is rated to need satisfaction because all conscious or motivated behavior on the part of human beings is directed towards the satisfaction of needs.
- Motivation is a Continuous Process. Human needs are unlimited and a person always remains desirous to fulfill some or the other need. People must at all times be providing with the stimulus to work. Satisfaction of one needs leads to feeling of another and the process goes on. Every human being has a variety of needs, i.e., ‘man is a wanting animal.’’